The College Board Advanced Placement Examination – 1996 DBQThe AP TEST gives you 15 minutes to study the documents before you begin writing the DBQ essay. You may take longer to do that for this assignment, but, using the HONOR SYSTEM, you may only use 45 minutesto write your response to this DBQ.On the front of the blue book, write down the time you started writing the essay and the time you finished writing the essay. The total writing time should not exceed 45 minutes.Use only a blue or black PENto write your essay.The College BoardAdvanced Placement ExaminationUnited States HistorySECTION II(Suggested writing time – 45 minutes)Percent of Section II score - 45Directions: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A – I andyour knowledge of the period referred to in the question. High scores will be earned only by essays that both cite key pieces of evidence from the documents and draw on outside knowledge of the period.1.In what ways and to what extent did constitutional and social developments between 1860 and 1877 amount to a revolution? Use the documents and your knowledge of the period from 1860 to 1877 to answer the question A Note From Your Teacher: In what waysand To what extentare favorite AP essay terms. In what wayswants you to explain how and why things changed (if they did indeed change). It is used frequently with To what extentwhich wants you to determine or set the boundaries on an issue; how much (or how little) did things change? Always supportyour position with facts and details.Document ASource: South Carolina Declaration of Causes of Secession, December 24, 1860. By this [United States] Constitution, certain duties were imposed upon the several states, and the exercise of certain of their powers was restrained, which necessarily imperiled their continued existence as sovereign states. But, to remove all doubt, an amendment was added which declared that the powers
1996 Ap Us History Free Response Dbq
Throughout the period 1801-1817, the government was ruled by the Jeffersonian Republican party, whereas the Federalist Party began to slowly fade away from public view. The Jeffersonian Republican party, led by Thomas Jefferson, professed to favor a weak central government through the support of more states' rights, "...that the states are independent... to...themselves...and united as to everything respecting foreign nations." (Document A). On the other hand, the Federalist Party, previously led by Alexander Hamilton, espoused the idea of a strong central government. The characterization of these two political parties during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison were inconsistent with the professed position in the 1790's.The Jeffersonian Republican party was founded on specific principles, presented and created by Thomas Jefferson's ideal of the perfect government. The nation was thus divided into two ideals - the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists - but as Thomas Jefferson rose to power, the Federalists ideals and influence began to fade. During the Tripolitan War, Jefferson used mostly the navy to fight and win the war, because of Jefferson's belief of a strong standing army was an invitation towards dictatorship. Specifically, the "mosquito fleet" was used because of its size and maneuverability. The "mosquito fleet" was also lightly funded because of the Jeffersonian Republicans' belief in a minimal navy, but it provided sufficient protection for the American shores. Three years after the Tripolitan War, the Embargo Act was enacted to avoid yet another war, which was the reason for Jefferson's pressure on Congress to pass it. The Embargo Act, however, was an example of Jefferson's Jeffersonian Republicans' "strict constructionist" ideal because a compromise in the Constitution stated that Congress had the power to regulate foreign trade. Jefferson's main goal was to avoid war, but the Embargo Act only delayed what seemed to be the inevitable. The Embargo Act caused a complete boycott of British and European goods, and it was supposedly an ultimatum for the discontinuation of British and European harassment of American ships. The Embargo Act in turned backfired, because it hurt the merchants through the discontinued trade with superpower, Great Britain and other European countries, and was three times more costly than war itself. On the other hand, the Embargo did have positive attributes because the merchants began to develop domestic manufacturing, which slowly made the United States economically independent from other countries' economies. Ironically, Jefferson's Embargo Act did cause an economic ripple in Europe, but the American people were too impatient to reap its...
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